One of the most important areas, if not the single most important one, in the disaster risk management continuum is the disaster risk assessment. Through experience and research, DMS has developed a unique disaster risk assessment model which has been used successfully in various areas to determine the local risks.The model is based on an all-risk, all-hazards and resilience focused approach.
The data gathering is the fundamental component in the risk assessment. This must include the following:
- Critical facilities;
- Societal information;
- Economical information;
- Technological; and
- Environmental information.
The client will be informed of data sources and additional input from the client will be incorporated in the process. All of these will be interpreted and quantified to compile a risk profile and enable the identification of priority risks. With the support of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) the risk profile is available to all role players and stakeholders.
DMS therefore provides disaster risk management GIS services as well focusing on among others:
- applying GIS during risk assessments,
- conducting hazard and vulnerability mapping,
- geodatabase design and maintenance,
- implementation of data capture projects,
- GPS operation and the use of easy-to-use software to engage in maps, and
- the maintenance of GIS processes and systems.
Our approach involves assessing the GIS status of disaster management centres and the capacity of support services that provide data and maps to such centres, assisting the set-up of databases and data schemas, and enable staff to effectively engage with GIS systems and data to ultimately implement and maintain workable GIS systems that are applicable to the skills, resources and requirements of the office or unit where it is applied.